Black cotton soils are predominantly available in India. Though black cotton soil plays a vital role in agriculture but it is posing many difficulties in civil engineering aspect. All the black cotton soils are not expansive soils and all the expansive soils are not black in color. These soils passed high strength in summer and decreased rapidly in winter. The soil has a swelling property due to the presence of montmorillonite mineral. Though various constructions techniques are utilized, the cracking (Minor Cracking) is seen in the buildings. For the site investigations, the behavior of soil is important. This paper gives information regarding bearing capacity and suitable foundations for different types of constructions in black cotton soils.